Among the diseases that infect fig, there is a disease called fig mosaic disease (FMD). The disease is caused by fig mosaic virus, its infection can cause mosaic symptoms, malformations, chlorosis, vein clearing, and early defoliation, resulting in malformed and mottled fruits.
When infected, the plant must be removed to prevent the spread of infection.
Fig mosaic virus (FMV) is a plant virus proposed by Elbeaino et al. and Walia et al. as a pathogen of fig mosaic disease. Fig mosaic disease has been observed in most areas where figs are grown. Fig mosaic virus-infected figs cause mosaic symptoms, malformations, chlorosis, vein clearing and early defoliation, resulting in malformations and mottles on the fruits, as well as reduced quality and decreased revenue due to early fall. In Japan, a fig mosaic virus was detected in figs at the University of Tokyo Plant Hospital® in February 2011, which had never been reported in Japan. The fig mosaic virus is thought to be transmitted by fig bud mite (Eriophyes ficus) and grafting. In the field where the disease occurred, it is necessary to take control measures such as removal of infected plants and thorough control of fig bud mites that may transmit viruses. Early detection and removal of diseased trees is essential to prevent the spread of infection from diseased trees to healthy trees.
A diagnostic kit that detects fig mosaic virus.
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